Tips To Prevent Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Skin cancer is a very commonly known form of cancer, affecting millions of people all across the globe. Melanoma, Basal cell carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma are the basic three types of skin cancer affecting people. However, this is the most widely diagnosed form of skin cancer which can be easily prevented if we take good care of our skin. The cancer hardly causes other health problems if it is diagnosed and treated rightly. But, if left untreated, it may also spread to all other parts of the body and hence, lead to fatal health conditions.

Cause of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma is mainly a result of prolonged exposure of our skin to the harmful ultraviolet radiations from either the sun or the tanning beds. Protecting your skin from UV light is the best way to protect your skin from all types of skin cancer. Follow the below mentioned tips carefully and prevent the development of the cancer on your skin.

  • Learn why the cancer form develops – The best way to prevent any health condition is by learning all the details about it. Squamous Cell Carcinoma develops due to high exposure to sunlight or the tanning beds or tanning lamps. Now that you know the basic cause of the skin cancer, you can avoid exposure to sunlight or the other harmful radiations.
  • Protect and care your skin – Always use sunscreen lotions on your skin before you go out in the sun. Apply sun-blocks even during cloudy days. Use a strong sun protection lotion with at least 15 SPF. Apply the sunscreen 30 minutes before you go out.
  • Avoid high exposure to sun and harmful radiations – Avoid going out during the peak times, when the sunlight is strongest. Wear clothes that protect your skin from the radiations and harsh sunlight. If the UV rays penetrate deep into the skin, they can lead to cancerous lesions which may increase with more exposure.
  • Learn about the Squamous Cell Carcinoma symptoms – The symptoms of the skin cancer can occur any place on your body, inside your mouth, on your genitals or even your anus. The symptoms include:
    • Firm red nodules on your lower lip, hands, neck, ears, arms, etc.
    • Flat scaly crusted lesion on hands, arms, ears and neck.
    • Pre-existing scar gets more ulcerated
    • Red patch occurs on your genitals or anus
    • White patch formation in your mouth.
  • Consult your dermatologist and get regular checkups – And finally, always consult your dermatologist for any doubt. Diagnosis at the right time will help you save your life and live healthy.

So, take good care of your skin and prevent the formation of Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Remember, Prevention is always better than Cure.

Skin Cancer – Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) and Solar Keratoses

SCC is the second most common form of skin cancer. It primarily affects fair-skinned, blue-eyed people and particularly the elderly.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Description

SCC is a malignant tumour of squamous cells and can be found in many parts of the body. SCC of the skin develops from keratinocytes, the type of squamous cells that synthesise the protective keratin of the epidermis.

Squamous cell carcinomas usually occur in areas of previously sun-damaged skin and at sites of sun-induced actinic keratoses or (sun spots). Its appearance is more varied than Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC), it grows faster and can metastasize (spread to other tissues of the body) if left untreated, making it more dangerous than BCC.

SCC is usually a red, scaling, well-defined plaque. It can eventually spread into the deeper surrounding tissues.

Invasive SCCs involve the lower dermis and subcutaneous fat and can vary in size from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. Sometimes they grow quickly, but more commonly grow slowly over months or years. Unlike BCCs, they may be tender. Some SCCs have the appearance of sores that don’t heal.

Many SCC’s develop from solar keratoses, small scaly patches often found on the face, bald scalp, ears, hands and forearms of fair-skinned people.

SCC may also develop in burn scars and longstanding leg ulcers. Oral SCCs are often due to cigarette smoking.

Diagnosis of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

As with all skin cancers, allopathic medical practice is to confirm SCC by biopsy.

Treatment of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Treatment of squamous cell carcinoma depends on the size of the tumour, its location, and other factors such as if it has metastasized.

Treatment options include:

  • curettage (scraping off tissue with an instrument), with or without electrodessication. (Electrodessication uses an electric spark to destroy tissue)
  • cryosurgery (freeze burning with liquid nitrogen)
  • surgery (excision)
  • Moh’s micrographic surgery
  • radiation treatment
  • chemotherapy

ACTINIC KERATOSES (or SOLAR KERATOSES)

Solar keratoses are premalignant disorders of the epidermis and are increasingly common. They are small, dry, scaly lesions commonly found on the parts of the body most often exposed to the sun – the face, head, backs of hands, and sometimes the lip (actinic cheilitis).

As with BCC and SCC, chronic sun exposure is the cause of actinic keratoses.

What happens if solar keratoses are left untreated? Approximately 2 to 5% of actinic keratoses may develop malignant cells and become skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma.

Treatment

Conventional treatment is freeze burning with liquid nitrogen. For widespread areas a topically applied cream containing 5-fluorouracil (trade name Efudex) may be used for several weeks. Fluorouracil is a chemotherapy drug that is applied to the skin. It works by interfering with DNA synthesis.

The unpleasant side-effects of fluorourcil which are reddening and flaking of the skin with burning and itching symptoms may outweigh the benefits as this cream can be effective in clearing up widespread solar keratoses.

However it is worth being aware that it is a chemo drug that affects your DNA. Rarely questioned by doctors, Efudex should not be used by people with a deficiency of the enzyme dihyropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD). Current research shows that 8% of people have at least a partial deficiency in this enzyme. Potential for DNA damage is the concern.

But did you know there are other methods of treatment that can help? There are other tested and proven natural substances that can remove SCC and other skin cancer.

For example, bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis). This is the root of a plant that is used as a topical application. Many practitioners do not know how it works. I have even read articles from experts who claim that the mode of action is unknown. However, research shows that it works by disabling the mitochondria which is the power house of the cancer cell. This effect is profound on the cancer cell, but does not have the same result on healthy tissue. Regardless of how it works, bloodroot most certainly, and quickly, breaks down a skin cancer tumor. You can heal skin cancer such as squamous cell carcinoma safely using this substance and the correct method.

What happens is very quick; little ‘dots’ of dead white tissue appear, literally overnight. Then an area of necrosed tissue forms over the following few days. Once applications are stopped, this area dries up, forms a scab and falls off, leaving pink, healthy, new tissue underneath. All that then needs to be done is to encourage healing as with any minor wound.